After the ninth Mughal emperor Farrukhsiyar lost the confidence of the Sayyid brothers, known as the King-makers in the Mughal history, Rafi-ud-Darajat, son of Rafi-us-Shan (one of the sons of Bahadur Shah I), was elevated to the throne by them on 28 February 1719. He was a virtual prisoner in the hands of the powerful Sayyid Brothers who now wanted to “rule through imperial puppets.”
Rafi-ud-Darajat was addicted to drinking and as consequence his health began to show signs of decline fast. On his suggestion his elder brother Rafi-ud-Daulah was placed on the Mughal throne on 6 June 1719 by the Sayyid Brothers.
Rafi-ul Darjat died of consumption on 13 June 1719.