The Young Bengal Movement was started by a remarkable personality of the 19th century Henry Vivian Derozio (1809-1831) who came to Calcutta in 1826 and was appointed in the Hindu college as a teacher of English literature and History.
Derozio was also editor of Hesperus and Calcutta Literary Gazette. He was associated with India Gazette as well. Derozio drew round him students from the Hindu College and exercised unprecedented influence over his pupils both in and outside the class. He urged them to live and die for truth - to cultivate and practice all the virtues, shunning vice in every shape. H e gave e the greatest impetus to free discussion on all subjects-social, moral and religious.
Derozio was one of those rare teachers whose attachment to knowledge, love of truth, and hatred of evil made a profound impression upon those who came in contact with him. Like Socrates he pursued what was right and was accused of misguiding the youth. Some influential Hindus had him removed from service and shortly thereafter he died. But the Derozian influence continued and it was known as the Young Bengal Movement. All the leading movements of the period were connected with it.